The Central Sector Scheme for Studying the Cost of Cultivation of Principal Crops
in India started in the year 1970-71. At present 19 States (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal) are covered under the scheme.
|Crop Group/ No. of crops||Crops Covered|
|Cereals (7)||Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Wheat, Ragi and Barley|
|Pulses (6)||Bengal Gram, Arhar (Red Gram), Moong (Green Gram), Urad (Black Gram), Peas and Masur (Lentil)|
|Oilseeds (7)||Groundnut, Rapeseed and Mustard, Soyabean, Sunflower, Safflower, Sesamum and Nigerseed|
|Fibers (2)||Cotton and Jute|
|Sugar (cane) (1)||Sugarcane|
|Fruits and Vegetables (3)||Onion, Potato and coconut|
|Miscellaneous (2)||VFC Tobacco, Black Pepper|
|Andhra Pradesh||Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Ragi, Tur, Bengal Gram, Moong, Urad, Groundnut, Sunflower, .Sugarcane, Cotton, Onion, VFC Tobacco. (14)|
|Karnataka||Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi,Tur, Gram, Moong, Groundnut, Sunflower, Safflower, Sugarcane, Cotton. (13)|
|Kerala||Paddy, Black Pepper & Coconut. (3)|
|Tamil Nadu||Paddy, Sorghum, Maize, Ragi, Red Gram, Black Gram, Groundnut, Sesamum, Sugarcane, Cotton & Coconut (11)|
The detailed schedules are filled, updated after making enquiries on a daily basis from 10 farm holdings consisting of 2 farmers each from 5 size classes : Up to 1 hectare, 1-2 hectares, 2-4 hectares, 4-6 hectares and above 6 hectares. Daily entries of all relevant farm data as in the DES schedule The Farm Analysis Package (FARMAP), a specialized schedule developed in collaboration with FAO is used for processing the data.
State-wise, crop-wise estimates are sent to CACP as per the prescribed time schedule below.
Kharif : 28th February of every year
Rabi : 30th June of every year
Sugarcane: 30th June of every year
Jute : 31st October of every year
The CACP, considering the average data on cost of cultivation, recommends the MSP.