About Us

Comprehensive Scheme for Studying the Cost of Cultivation of Principal Crops in India.

The Central Sector Scheme for Studying the Cost of Cultivation of Principal Crops in India started in the year 1970-71. At present 19 States (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal) are covered under the scheme.

  • To collect, validate and compile data pertaining to the Cost of Cultivation and production of principal crops in Karnataka using cost accounting method
  • To train the field assistants in data collection periodically
  • To provide the compiled data on cost of cultivation of mandate crops to DES for averaging the data for the Karnataka state crops

Crop Group/ No. of crops Crops Covered
Cereals (7) Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Wheat, Ragi and Barley
Pulses (6) Bengal Gram, Arhar (Red Gram), Moong (Green Gram), Urad (Black Gram), Peas and Masur (Lentil)
Oilseeds (7) Groundnut, Rapeseed and Mustard, Soyabean, Sunflower, Safflower, Sesamum and Nigerseed
Fibers (2) Cotton and Jute
Sugar (cane) (1) Sugarcane
Fruits and Vegetables (3) Onion, Potato and coconut
Crops Selected under South Indian States

State Crops selected
Andhra Pradesh Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Ragi, Tur, Bengal Gram, Moong, Urad, Groundnut, Sunflower, .Sugarcane, Cotton, Onion, VFC Tobacco. (14)
Karnataka Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi,Tur, Gram, Moong, Groundnut, Sunflower, Safflower, Sugarcane, Cotton. (13)
Kerala Paddy, Black Pepper & Coconut. (3)
Tamil Nadu Paddy, Sorghum, Maize, Ragi, Red Gram, Black Gram, Groundnut, Sesamum, Sugarcane, Cotton & Coconut (11)
Data Collection
  • Data in prescribed schedules (Record Types) are collected by the Field assistant posted in the sample village.
  • The work of field assistants is supervised by the Field Supervisor and Field Officer. The data are scrutinized by Statistician, Tabulators, Field Supervisors, Field Officer before data entry
  • Each Field Supervisor, on an average, supervises the work of 11 field assistants.
  • Assistant Statistician is responsible for data entry, validation and transfer of data to DES.
Cost Accounting Method is used for collecting data on inputs and outputs on sample farmers's fields in physical and monetary terms.

The detailed schedules are filled, updated after making enquiries on a daily basis from 10 farm holdings consisting of 2 farmers each from 5 size classes : Up to 1 hectare, 1-2 hectares, 2-4 hectares, 4-6 hectares and above 6 hectares. Daily entries of all relevant farm data as in the DES schedule The Farm Analysis Package (FARMAP), a specialized schedule developed in collaboration with FAO is used for processing the data.

Type of Data Collected
  • Household Members
  • Attached Farm Servants
  • Land Inventory (Beginning & end of the year)
  • Annual Crops Record (Beginning & end of yr.)
  • Perennial Crops Inventory (Beginning & end of yr.)
  • Animal Inventory
  • Building Inventory
  • Irrigation Structures Inventory
  • Machinery and implement inventory
  • Credit outstanding
  • New Loans taken
  • Loan repayments
  • Receipts & Disposals of Important Crop Products
  • Crop Operation details (Hours)
  • Crop Operation Payments
  • Crop Physical Inputs & Payments
  • Crop Transport and Marketing Operation ( Hours)
  • Crop Marketing Costs Incurred
Usage of Data

State-wise, crop-wise estimates are sent to CACP as per the prescribed time schedule below.
Kharif : 28th February of every year
Rabi : 30th June of every year
Sugarcane: 30th June of every year
Jute : 31st October of every year

The CACP, considering the average data on cost of cultivation, recommends the MSP.